Anethum graveolens L.
Dill is a herbaceous annual with pinnately divided leaves. The ripe, light brown seeds emit an aromatic odour. The leaves have pleasant aromatic odour and warm taste. Both seeds and leaves are valued as spice.
Origin and Distribution
European Dill (Anetheum graveolens) is indigenous to Europe and is cultivated in England, Germany, Romania, Turkey, USA and Russia. The Indian dill (Anetheum sowa), a native of Northern India is bolder than the European dill. It is cultivated as a cold weather crop in many parts of India.
Dill seed is used both whole and ground as a condiment in soups, salads, processed meats, sausages and pickling. Dill stems and blossom heads are used for dill pickles. The essential oil is used in the manufacture of soaps. Both seeds and oil are used in indigenous medicinal preparations. The emulsion of dill oil in water is an aromatic carminative.
Indian Name of Spices
Hindi : Sowa Bengali : Sowa Gujarati : Surva Kannada : Sabasige Kashmiri : Sor Malayalam : Sathakuppa Marathi : Surva, Shepu Punjabi : Sowa Sanskrit : Satapushpi Tamil : Sathakuppi Sompa Telugu : Sabasiege Urdu : Sowa
Foreign Name of Spices
Spanish : Eneldo French : Aneth German : Dill Swedish : Dill Arabic : Shibith Dutch : Dille Italian : Aneto Portuguese : Endro Russian : Ukrop Chinese : Shin-Lo