It is a perennial herb. The dried leaves and flowering tops are known for its flavour. It grows to a height of 2 ft. The aroma is warm. Two varieties available in the international market are French Tarragon and Russian Tarragon.
Origin and Distribution
Tarragon is cultivated in Southern Europe (France, Spain), temperate zones of USA, Afghanistan, West Asia, and Russia. In India, it is grown in Jammu, Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Soil with a pH of 6.2 is found to be preferred for better yield of herb material and essential oil.
It is used for flavouring vinegar, pickles, prepared mustard and to a limited extent in soups, salads, meat dishes, salad dressings and liquor. The aromatic leaves are stomachic, stimulant. It is also used in perfumes.
Indian Name of Spices
Arabic : Tarkhun Chinese : Long hao Czech : Estragon Dutch : Dragon French : Estragon German : Estragon Greek : Tarchon Italian : Estragon Russian : Estragon Swedish : Dragon Spanish : Estragon Thai : Taeragon
Foreign Name of Spices